School of law Model Exit Exam, 2016

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School of law Model Exit Exam, 2016

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1) One of the following is not attribute of rights in rem under the Ethiopian law:

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2) Which one of the following cannot be embraced by the expression “vice of consent” under the Ethiopian Law of Contracts?

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3) Which of the following statements is true about private limited companies (PLCs)?

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4) One of the following statements is not true about the applicability of the Civil Code on the status and activities of traders:

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5) Which one of the following is true about opening of succession?

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6) The monetary value of a civil claim on the date of institution of a suit is relevant to determine

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7) Of the following statements, one is not true regarding the interpretation of treaties

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8) The rules on venue of courts are procedural. This means:

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9) A procedural device that allows an indigent plaintiff to institute a civil case in a court of law without paying a court fee is:

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10) What does term JUS COGENS refers to under international law?

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11) The Law of Criminal procedure does not have close connection with:

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12) Identify the correct order in examination of witnesses:

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13) One is valid about business organizations under the Commercial Code of Ethiopia

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14) Which one of the following rights is directly affected by the interrogation stage?

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15) One of the following is not true about business and trader

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16) One is not true about the interrelationships between the commercial code and the civil code

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17) In an adversarial system of criminal procedure, the responsibility for gathering and presenting evidence rests with:

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18) In tort laws of European countries, the rule that applies to issues that arise in relation to immovable property is

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19) Which one of the following is true about the evolution of international law?

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20) Which one of the following bodies has the power to enforce international peace in case of existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace or an act of aggression?

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21) The main ingredients of international customary principles are;

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22) Which one of the following is not a source of international law?

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23) All except one is considered as a trader

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24) Except one, all are objectives of the commercial code

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25) One is not among the major reasons that necessitated the revision of the 1960 commercial code

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26) One is not true about codification history of commercial code/law in Ethiopia?

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27) Which one of the following is not among the monitoring mechanism is not a treaty based mechanism?

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28) Which one of the following is correct about derogation from human rights?

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29) Of the following conventions one does not deal with the protection of certain category of persons who need special protection.

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30) Which one of the following statements doesn’t correctly describe the nature of human rights?

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31) A violation of one right will often affect other rights. This assertion goes in line with the concept of:

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32) Which of the following is not true about proof of contracts under Ethiopian contract law?

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33) Which of the following is true about third parties in relation to contract?

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34) Which of the following is not true about treatment of surety ship under Ethiopian contract law?

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35) Which one of the following is true about servitude right in Ethiopia

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36) Which of the following is true about possession right in Ethiopia

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37) Which one of the following cannot be considered as a legal restriction imposed on the right of recovery

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38) In one of the following situations, the usufructuary shall not be obliged to restore the goods themselves to the bare owner

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39) Which of the following is not true about treatments of earnest under Ethiopian contract law?

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40) Which of the following is necessarily true about the plurality of debtors and creditors under Ethiopian contract law?

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41) Which of the following is not true about grounds for ceasing the existing contractual bond between and among the contracting parties?

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42) Which of the following is true about remedies of non-performance of contract under Ethiopian contract law?

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43) Which of the following alternative is not correct about joint ownership in Ethiopia

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44) All but one of the following can be considered as one factor determining the scope of property right

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45) The pertinent method of acquisition of ownership right over a certain thing can be determined by the following factors except

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46) Which of the following alternative is true according to Ethiopian general property law

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47) Which of the following is not true about performance of contract under Ethiopian law?

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48) Which of the following is true about formation of contract under Ethiopian law?

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49) Which of the following is true about treatment of contract under Ethiopian law?

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50) Which of the following assessment can be made when a taxpayer is taking steps to conceal property in order to avoid paying taxes?

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51) Which one of the following cannot be the specific reason for collecting excise taxes?

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52) Which one of the following is true statement under FDRE income tax laws?

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53) One of the following is true about taxation of employment income under FDRE income tax laws?

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54) What is the legal principle of “presumption of innocence” in Ethiopian criminal law?

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55) What is the legal concept of double jeopardy in Ethiopian criminal law?

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56) Which of the following is an example of a white-collar crime in Ethiopia

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57) How does Ethiopian criminal law treat juveniles who commit crimes?

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58) Which one of the following is the correct expression about FDRE income tax laws?

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59) Which one of the following is odd?

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60) According to______ principles of taxation, “The time of payment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be paid, ought all to be clear and plain to the contributor, and to every other person”.

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61) Which theory of taxation justifies , “the sum of the areas of utility sacrificed both directly and indirectly, by all tax payers shall be as small as possible in proportion to the revenue secured”?

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62) Which of the following views on the economic role of the government is best represented by the statement which says “individuals are at the center stage whereas the government can be demolished or changed if it fails to serve the interest of individuals”?

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63) Which one of the following is not the reason for government participation in the economy of the state?

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64) Which of the following is true regarding accomplice liability under Ethiopian criminal law?

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65) Who has the burden of proof in criminal cases under Ethiopian law?

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66) In Ethiopian criminal law, what is the term used for a defense that acknowledges the act but claims it was necessary to prevent a greater harm?

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67) What is the role of intent in Ethiopian criminal law?

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68) What principle forms the basis of Ethiopian criminal law?

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69) How does Ethiopian criminal law differ from civil law?

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forestry model exam today

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forestry model exam today

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1 / 100

Which of the following is incorrect regarding to forest management plan?

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Which one of the following forest harvesting system is preferred for the establishment of an even-aged stand?

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  From the following Alternatives which one is the drawback of payback period?

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Who will take into account only the payments and charges made by the entrepreneurs to the outside suppliers of various productive factors?

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Which of the following chemical constituent of wood is responsible for odor, color and decay resistance?

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Which of the following is wrong regarding distribution of biodiversity?

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     Principle is a kind of rule, belief or an idea that governs what need are doing. One of the following is not the principle of sustainable forestry?

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Which one of the following is not the characteristics of Agroforestry?

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What is the most commonly used tool for estimating the monetary value of environmental amenities that are not traded in formal markets?

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What represents actual expenditure incurred on various inputs used in the production process?

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What are the Characteristics of Fodder trees?

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Which economic concept is used to compare the present value of forest revenues with their future value?

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Forest management plan is a detailed written document that is constituted by combination of different basic elements. One of the following not basic element of forest planning

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The forest that established and managed primarily for ameliorating climate, checking soil erosion and conserve biodiversity is:

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Of the following, one is miss- matched

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    Forest diseases can be caused either of biological or abiotic causative agents. Which one of the following is not biotic sourced diseases?

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Which one of the following agroforestry type is based on spatial arrangement of components?

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Identify the correct statement/s regarding nurse crop

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In which one of the following production objectives do the thickness and length of wood fibers are more desired?

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Decentralized forest management is one indicator for good forest governance. Why it is important?

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Sustainability of a given forest resource can be validated through application of different sustainability measuring pillars. What those pillars used to confirm sustainability of forest resource?

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What does the term ‘silviculture’ represents in agroforestry?

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Which one of the following is odd?

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Which one of the following is production-enhancing interactions in TAI?

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Which one of the following establishment process of PFM indicate adherence to the forest management agreement by the community forest management group?

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The processes of replacement of the original growing forest by artificial forest stands over a fairly large area is called:

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Which one of the following is not considered during measurement of volume of felled log?

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Which of the following factors is most likely to influence the economic value of forestland?

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Which one of the following is true about spacing?

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Of the following, one is odd

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If a wood borer attack some of the trees in Cordia africana forest and you intend to prevent the borer by applying of chemicals. Which of the following activities you will apply to manage the existed wood borer.

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Of the following, one is odd

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Which one of the following is odd?

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The oldest wood working machine that used for turning pieces of wood on its axis to produce various cylindrical and circular shapes

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   Which of the following are the reasons why botanists use scientific name rather than common names,Except?

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Which one of the following does not represent sampling units in forest inventory?

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In which of the following sawing method, heartwood and sapwood are not separated

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Which of the following is the unique feature that separates hardwoods from softwoods?

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Which one of the following is taken as a response to reduce the effect of tapering in volume calculation?

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Which one of the following is a common component for both tactical and strategic harvesting plan?

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What refers to “the money available at the present time is more worth than the same amount in the future due to its interest paid or earned”?

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  Regarding to nursery site, One of the following is odd among others

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Which one of the following is said to be hazardous condition for plantation?

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If you are employed in a certain herbarium project and assigned to collect specimen, which of the following selection criteria you did not consider to select specimen?

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A PFM which takes place in forests on “village land” and managed by the village council

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The system used to name all living organisms is properly called ________.

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Collection of gum and resign by producing artificial wound is called _________

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Which one of the following Agroforestry’s attributes concerned with farmers’ perception?

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Which of the following techniques is not appropriate to protect the forest resource from fire?

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________ represents the rate of change of species composition along an environmental or geographic gradient

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In NTFP management natural regeneration is one option, which of the following condition/s are appropriate for this management option

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One of the following indicates total number of species found in a sample area

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What are values that are not associated with actual use, or even the option to use a good or servic?

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  The names of taxa at the rank of family are written as

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Which one of the following is not the effect of spacing on the stand quality?

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What is the value of basal area of a tree if the circumference at breast height is 60 cm?

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All are silvicultural practices that applied in natural forest to sustainably meet the needs of the society except:

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Which one of the following represent a property write which is both excludable and rival

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Why we need to measure biodiversity?

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Sawmilling is the process of operating sawmills and it can be operated through different techniques. Which one of the following is not a technique of sawing in sawmill?

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What sometimes referred to as the “profitability index” of a project?

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What is the primary goal of forest economics?

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Assume that you have a 200ha of forest land and you want to do forest inventory by taking 8 sample plots of 20m by 20m. How many ha will be the size of your sample plot?

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      Assume you wanted to determine the rotation ages of forest by using the economic and biological criteria; which of the following is TRUE about the rotation age of forest?

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What type of Agroforestry is coffe production?

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  Forest management plan can be categorized into various types based on the time period for how long the plan is developed. Among those forest management plans, which one is the shortest period plan?

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Which one of the following is incorrect?

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___Reflects the income that could be generated from other opportunities the investor might have for his funds

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What is a major challenge in applying forest economics in developing countries?

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All are the characteristics of unclassified seed source except one

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Which one of the following is not the key wright of forest Gatherers?

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Which one of the following is correct about Agroforestry and monoculture?

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Identify correct statement from the following alternatives

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_____ Is Species which have relatively large habitat/area requirements and saving them automatically saves many other species

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Why People tend to have income now than in the future?

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Which one of the following is not the disadvantages of close spacing?

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The removing of multiple stems from trees leaving a single stem is called:

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If the nursery man desires to determine the identity of mother trees, which one of the following seed collection method is more applicable?

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  One of the following is example of natural high forests in Ethiopia?

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What is allelopathic effect in Agroforestry?

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One of the following is a component of forest management plan is used to describe the status forest resource and other resources.

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    Which of the following is true regarding to pathogen, environment and host in forest disease?

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The act or process of transversely cutting the stem or branches of a felled tree into logs is:

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What are the characteristics of windbreak species?

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Which of the following is the correct order of classification, from most specific to most broad?

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What is the objective of Agroforestry?

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Which one of the following is not among factors affecting tree growth and species choice?

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Which one of the following is mostly serving as mediator in the stakeholder of PFM.

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Homegarden consists of the following components except one

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Which property is different from the other?

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In Ethiopia PFM approach has been first introduced By FARM Africa to manage:

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The distance between ground level and the terminal point of the last usable portion of the tree is:

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In which succession stage shade-intolerant understory species begin to disappear and the plant community becomes dominated by trees?

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What do we call the process of determining the present value of money that is to be received in the future?

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In forest investment analysis, the term “discount rate” refers to:

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What is an inflation result from a rapid increase in demand for goods and services than supply of goods and services?

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Which one of the following datum is not necessary during record keeping?

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Which of the following investment criteria is most appropriate for comparing forest projects with different scales and time horizons

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I f the seed not conserved at low temperature and with low moisture, the seed is said to be:——-

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What is the Net Present Value (NPV) used for in forest investment analysis?

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